West Yorkshire CRC offers a comprehensive range of accredited programmes and courses to help people to understand the reasons behind why they have committed their offences, and to look at ways to stop them from repeating the behaviour.
A range of courses have also been developed that tackle offending behaviour.
Our programmes and courses are described below:
Building Better Relationships is a nationally accredited programme designed to reduce re-offending by adult male offenders convicted of intimate partner violence. The programme, based on group work, takes into account recent developments in thinking and research in relation to aggression within relationships.
Participants will be able to:
- learn more about the types of behaviour that damage relationships
- gain a better understanding of themselves
- understand how their personal issues play a part in the violence they show to their partners
- discover their strengths and build on them to improve their relationships
- develop their skills and learn new ones to overcome difficulties.
- male offenders
- offenders whose violence is exclusive to same sex relationships
- offenders with serious mental health problems
- offenders judged unlikely to achieve the learning outcomes because of, for example, severe drug dependency
COVAID is a group work programme aimed at people with a history of violent or aggressive behaviour when under the influence of alcohol. The programme is designed to both raise participants’ understanding of how they have become involved in incidents of alcohol related aggression or violence and to help participants to actively identify and implement potential risk-reducing strategies for the future. This is worked towards by tackling anger, impulsivity and drinking. The programme therefore aims to raise both personal awareness and personal responsibility. COVAID takes a positive approach by highlighting participants’ current strategies and presents new strategies, therefore encouraging self-directed change.
- looking at how they think and feel and how this links to them becoming aggressive when drinking
- learning ways to manage angry feelings
- learning ways to control and monitor drinking
- look at the impact that alcohol has on behaviour
- reducing the chance of getting into trouble through becoming violent or aggressive after drinking
- men aged 18 and over with history of violent or aggressive behaviour when under the influence of alcohol
- offenders must be motivated to tackle their behaviour and agree to participate in the programme
- index offence alcohol related violence or aggression
- NOT suitable for those with substance and drink dependency; perpetrators of domestic abuse; sexual offenders
The DID Programme is designed to teach offenders how to avoid driving whenever they have been drinking. It does this by means of a structured programme which tackles the offender’s poor planning, ignorance of alcohol and its effects, lack of consideration for others and poor decision making skills, etc. It does not specifically aim to control problem drinking, but to ensure that drinking of any sort is not followed by driving. They will also be required to keep appointments with their supervising officer.
- understand levels of alcohol units and consumption
- generate alternatives to drink driving
- control thoughts, feelings and actions
- demonstrate changed attitudes to drink driving
- forward plan and improve decision-making skills
- identify ways in which they can prevent re-offending
- changing attitudes to drink driving
- improving self-confidence and motivation to change things that have led to offending
- knowing what they have to do to solve problems using a step-by-step approach
- male and female offenders aged 18 or over
- NOT for offenders with five or more previous convictions of any sort
- NOT for those with serious drug /alcohol problems
- NOT for first drink/drive convictions (unless it was aggravated e.g. more than twice over the legal limit and/or had been involved in a road accident)
RESOLVE is a group-work programme designed to reduce re-offending by adult male offenders who are 18 years and over and who have been convicted of violent offences. It aims to reduce the likelihood and seriousness of violent and aggressive behaviour in male offenders by developing each participant’s understanding of their own paths into violent offending and their continued use of violence. RESOLVE offers offenders skills and strategies to avoid the use of violence. A range of exercises and methods are used in the sessions to keep offenders engaged and motivated.
- understand when and why people use violence and aggression
- recognise thoughts, feelings, behaviours and situations that underpin their violence
- devise practical and sustainable strategies to desist from violent behaviour
- build on strengths to improve self-control
- help participants to develop an awareness of their personal and situational factors that reinforce and maintain their use of violence
- encourage participants to identify, use and build on existing strengths and skills, and to develop new skills to change their thinking and their behaviour
- help offenders to develop practical and sustainable strategies for maintaining change once they have completed and left the programme.
- males with an index offence for violence – instrumental or emotionally driven
- violence including verbal abuse, threats, intimidation, blackmail, physical violence and criminal damage
- NOT suitable for females; perpetrators of domestic abuse; sexually motivated offences; those with serious mental health problems; those unlikely to achieve learning outcomes e.g. severe drug dependency
An intensive and demanding cognitive skills programme that addresses thinking and behaviours associated with offending.
- demonstrate improved problem-solving and goal setting skills
- demonstrate improved emotional self-management
- consider other people’s perspectives and emotional responses
- develop more positive relationships
- for those who demonstrate thinking deficits
- suitable for those with dyslexia, literacy or language needs
- males and females
- NOT suitable for index offences; domestic abuse perpetrators; substance misuse dependents
Courses we run in West Yorkshire
The activity consists of an initial one-to-one session followed by eight group work sessions held on a weekly basis. A post-programme report is produced by facilitators, scrutinised by a treatment co-coordinator and discussed with the service user and responsible officer in a final three-way meeting. The programme is designed to encourage change using educational, cognitive behavioural and motivational methods.
- individuals who are assessed as being of low or medium risk of causing harm
- can be sequenced with other interventions for those Service Users who pose a high risk of harm
- addresses binge drinking linked to offending
- NOT suitable for dependent drinkers or substance users
- reduce alcohol related re offending
- increase knowledge of the effects of alcohol on thinking and behaviour
- contribute to the improvement of participants’ health and wellbeing
Think Again is a one-to-one intervention developed to reduce re- offending for male and female offenders who have committed crimes of a hate-based nature. A hate crime is any criminal offence that is motivated by hostility or prejudice based upon the victim’s disability, race, religion or belief, sexual orientation, transgender.
- an identifiable pattern of similar offending behaviour or evidence that the offender was malicious in their intent to single out an individual/group based on hostility or prejudice
- offenders with more than four previous convictions for any type of offending may be considered more suitable for the Thinking Skills programme.
- Think Again is not considered suitable for offenders who have committed offences under the Terrorism Act or Domestic Extremists.
- recognise themselves as a citizen
- develop problem solving skills
- understand the process of assertion and negotiation
- challenge commonly held assumptions
- explore how stereotyping impacts on thinking and behaviour
- manage their feelings and anger
- increasing empathy and perspective taking
Four structured days attendance at group work sessions delivered on consecutive days. The programme runs every six to eight weeks alternating between a Leeds and Bradford delivery site. The intervention is educational also draws on elements of cognitive behavioural therapy and solution focused therapy in its approach targeting thinking skills, behavioural change and challenging beliefs and attitudes.
- male and female offenders who score 1 or 2 on OASys section 7.5
- those whose risk taking leads to further offending
- unsuitable for alcohol/substance dependency; unstable mental/physical health; employment where it does not allow attendance over for consecutive days
- Increase their knowledge and understanding of road responsibility and road law
- develop an understanding of risk and consequences to themselves and others
- identify strategies to reduce the risk of re-offending
Safer Relationships Activity (SRA) examines origins of attitudes, victim’s perspective, what is abusive behaviour and effects on children.
- those without an entrenched patterns of domestic violence
- cases where there are no safeguarding issues
- low to medium Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA)
- current or previous abusive behaviour towards an intimate partner/ ex-partner
- unsuitable for alcohol and substance dependency; some mental health conditions (for example Personality Disorder); those who are in complete denial of their offence; those unwilling to sign the ‘Statement of Understanding’ and ‘Release of Information’ documents
- reduction in risk of further Intimate partner violence or abuse, as part of an integrated approach working with the Offender Manager and other agencies, during the delivery of the activity
- improved relationships
- reduced violence
- improved parenting
Shafa (a Touchstone project) means renewal, restoration and healing in Urdu and is a project delivered in communities across West Yorkshire. Skilled and experienced staff work with South Asian people who have committed offences to resettle them within their communities. Shafa is a combination of six weekly group-based sessions and then subsequent four weeks, one-to-one support.
Shafa work with people’s offending triggers, focusing in on attitudes, thinking skills, lifestyle contributors such as drugs and also the negative power of associates on a person’s ability to change.
It helps offenders access local community resources including employment training and education opportunities, housing, family relationship issues and support to address substance misuse issues.
South East Asian men and women who would benefit from a more culturally sensitive approach.
- to reduce reoffending and potential risk of harm by improving a person’s engagement with sentence requirements and challenging negative views from a culturally relevant perspective
- Shafa also aims to develop positive, and relevant, social networks and improve life chances
Strength-based, solution focused and service user-led approach, using an Action Learning Set method. Programmes run on all West Yorkshire sites.
A total of eight sessions, comprising: one-to-one appointment – assessment and goal setting. Six group work sessions of 90 minutes each.
- lower risk offenders. In order to benefit from the solution focussed method, individuals should be able to articulate
- a commitment to a personal goal which they are willing to work on
- a commitment to changing themselves, rather than attempting to change someone else
- a commitment to sharing their own skills and experience to support others
- NOT suitable for: alcohol/substance dependency; unstable mental/physical health; suitability for another Specified Activity or Accredited Programme
- draw on strengths and experiences to generate and share new problem-solving methods and solutions to individual’s problems
- service Users take turns as ‘goal bringers’ and rest of group ask questions, reflect, and hold goal bringer to account
The Right Direction Volunteer Service is delivered in all offices across West Yorkshire from a pool of 60 trained ex-service user volunteers. All volunteers are trained in a Level 1 in Probation Skills, a bespoke award designed by probation staff to work with service users in probation.
They undertake 60 hours of learning to qualify to be a volunteer in probation.
All volunteers are DBS checked according to Probation Instruction PSI 07/2014 (Ref NSF 15.1) and are able to work with vulnerable adults and children. Volunteers are closely supervised and services are run through three co-ordinators covering Leeds, Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees and Wakefield. The co-ordinators ensure that volunteers are supervised and act as a link between volunteers and responsible officers.
Right Direction is an award nominated service. Our teaching and learning is monitored via OfQual and Certa and we are considered to be a ‘green rated’ service for quality of provision for teaching and learning.
- any service user motivated to work with a mentor
- mentoring can be used as part of a Rehabilitation Activity Requirement (RAR) package of interventions
- it can also be used to support the rehabilitation of those subject to a licence or post- sentence supervision
The majority of women offenders do not pose a high risk of harm to the public but their offending is often prolific. They have complex needs including high levels of mental health and a prevalence of domestic abuse.
Many have children and the effects of offending on their families is significant. The women’s centres provide a female only, supportive, multi-agency arena in which groups can be run or individual sessions completed. The provision is to support women through their sentence with key partner agencies to reduce reoffending in a safe environment. Sessions are run weekly in local areas.
The Women’s Provision can be used as part of a Rehabilitation Activity Requirement package of interventions. It can also be used to support the rehabilitation of those subject to licence or post-sentence supervision.
Women who are assessed by their probation case manager as unsuitable for Group work or assessed as requiring additional one to one work will be allocated a key worker who will deliver bespoke one to one sessions as requested by their case manager.
- female, any agef
- female offenders who are in need of support. This is a female only environment designed for women in the local community away from probation premises in Huddersfield, Dewsbury, Wakefield, Leeds, Halifax and Bradford
- to give the women more confidence in their own decision-making so that they lead a more appropriate lifestyle
- to support the women in planning their own personal goals
- to support the women in identifying future risks to their more positive lifestyle and well-being, and to develop skills and strategies to deal with these potential risks
Senior Attendance Centres (SACs) are a punishment through the restriction of liberty in a controlled environment. The subjects on offer at SACs include: gang culture; gun crime; knife crime; Budgeting and healthy living.
- male and female offenders aged from 18 to 24 who have committed a crime that passes the custody threshold.
- SAC will take high risk offenders on a multiple-requirement order but suggest a discussion prior to sentence
- NOT suitable for those who have not received the requirement at court or offenders aged over 24 years
Target outcomes :
- increase employability
- maintain physical and mental health – including a focus on the effects of alcohol and drugs Encourage attendees to develop better relationships
- help attendees learn how to deal effectively with risky situations
Guide to Interventions
West Yorkshire CRC protects the community by stopping offenders from committing more crime. We supervise people aged 18 and over in the community who are sentenced by the court to either a Community Order or a Suspended Sentence Order.
We also supervise people who are released from prison on licence, and commission a service called Through the Gate which aims to help prisoners preparing to make the transition from custody through to the community.
This Guide to Interventions provides information about non-custodial sentencing options.